Form 5: IELTS Line Graph – Urban populations in 4 Asian countries

The graph below gives information about the percentage of the population in four Asian countries living in cities from 1970 to 2020, with predictions for 2030 and 2040.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. Write 150 words.

(From IELTS Cambridge 18)

折線圖顯示了菲律賓、馬來西亞、泰國和印尼這四個亞洲國家從 1970 年到 2020 年城市人口百分比的變化,以及對 2030 年和 2040 年的預測。

The line graph illustrates changes in the urban population percentages of four Asian nations, namely the Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia, from 1970 to 2020, along with projections for 2030 and 2040.


Overall, there was an increase in the population of city dwellers in all four countries, and Malaysia stood out as having the highest percentage among the group, followed by Indonesia, the Philippines, and Thailand.

馬來西亞的城市人口多年來持續增長,從 1970 年的 30%到 1990 年的近 45%。隨後,城市人口大幅增加,預計到 2040 年將超過 80%。同樣,印尼也呈現出類似的模式,從大約 10%開始增長,預計到 2040 年將達到近 60%。

The urban population of Malaysia showed consistent growth over the years, starting at 30% in 1970 and reaching nearly 45% by 1990. Subsequently, there was a significant surge, with expectations to surpass 80% by 2040. Similarly, Indonesia witnessed a comparable pattern, beginning at approximately 10% and is predicted to hit almost 60% by 2040.

泰國的人口略有增長,從 1970 年的約 20%增至 2020 年的略低於 30%,預計到 2040 年將有更大幅度的增長。相比之下,菲律賓在最初的 40 年中經歷了波動模式,但預計到 2040 年將穩步上升至近 40%。

Thailand displayed a modest increase in its population from about 20% in 1970 to just under 30% in 2020, with a more substantial climb projected for 2040. In contrast, the Philippines experienced fluctuating pattern in the initial 40 years but is predicted to steadily rise to nearly 40% by 2040.

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