Form 5: IELTS Line Graph – Birth rates (with Chinese)

The graph below compares changes in the birth rates of China and the USA between 1920 and 2000.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.


A glance at the graph provided reveals some striking similarities between the Chinese and the US birth rates during the period from 1920 to 2000.


Overall, both nations saw considerable fluctuations in fertility, with lows during the 1940s and highs during the 1950s. Although the figures were comparable and that China had a higher peak in 1950, the gap widened between the two countries widened after this time as fertility in China slid away.


In 1920, the birth rate for China was about 10 percent. By contrast, it was a bit higher in the US, standing at around 12 percent. China’s birth rate rose to 15 percent in 1935, which was higher than that of the US at about 13 percent. However, the rate for China plunged to just 5 percent in 1940, while this sudden dip occurred in the US 5 years later, in 1945. In 1950, the birth rates for both countries rose rapidly to their peak, with China at 20 percent and the US at 15 percent respectively.


Following this, China’s birth rate declined steeply to only about 8 percent in 1955, whereas the figure decreased only slightly for the US, from 15 percent to around 13 percent. After 1950, both China and the US saw a steady decrease. In 2000, the US birth rate was at approximately 8 percent. In contrast, China’s rate was only at about 3 percent, which showed it was a much greater fall.

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